时间:2018年03月19日 09:19:29

年11月16日美国总统奥巴马在上海与中国青年对话。以下为奥巴马回答现场和网友提问实录: So -- I just want to make sure this works. This is a tradition, by the way, that is very common in the ed States at these town hall meetings. And what we're going to do is I will just -- if you are interested in asking a question, you can raise your hands. I will call on you. And then I will alternate between a question from the audience and an Internet question from one of the students who prepared the questions, as well as I think Ambassador Huntsman may have a question that we were able to obtain from the Web site of our embassy.我只想确保这能进行得顺利。顺便提一句,这是一种在美国的这类直接对话会中十分常见的传统做法。我们要做的是——如果你想提问,就请举手。我会叫到你。我会交替回答现场观众的问题和学生们代为提出的来自互联网的问题,还有,我想洪培大使可能会提一个我们通过大使馆网站征集到的问题。So let me begin, though, by seeing -- and then what I'll do is I'll call on a boy and then a girl and then -- so we'll go back and forth, so that you know it's fair. All right? So I'll start with this young lady right in the front. Why don't we wait for this microphone so everyone can hear you. And what's your name?让我们开始吧,先看看——我来采取这样的做法:先叫一位男生,再叫一位女生,然后——这样轮流,以便大家认为公平。好吗?首先我要请前排这位年轻女士提问。请等一下拿到麦克风再讲,让大家都能听到。你叫什么名字?[现场提问]Q My name is (inaudible) and I am a student from Fudan University. Shanghai and Chicago have been sister cities since 1985, and these two cities have conduct a wide range of economic, political, and cultural exchanges. So what measures will you take to deepen this close relationship between cities of the ed States and China? And Shanghai will hold the World Exposition next year. Will you bring your family to visit the Expo? Thank you.问:我的名字叫(听不清),我是复旦大学的学生。自1985年以来,上海与芝加哥就结为了城市,两座城市在经济、政治和文化方面进行了各种广泛的的交流活动。那么,您将采取什么举措来加深美国与中国各城市间的这种紧密联系?上海将于明年举办世界览会。您会带着您的家人来参观世会吗?谢谢。 11/89741

President Bush Participates in Joint Press Availability with ed Kingdom Prime Minister BrownPRIME MINISTER BROWN: Im delighted to welcome President Bush and the First Lady back to London. And his visit today is an opportunity to celebrate the historic partnership of shared purpose that unites the ed Kingdom and the ed States of America. We both share a great love of history and about how we have forged the ideas of democracy and liberty over centuries. And the special partnership that President Bush and I both agree today is a partnership not just of governments but of peoples is driven forward not simply by mutual interests, but by our shared values: both countries founded upon liberty, our histories forged through democracy, our shared values expressed by a commitment to opportunity for all, putting into practice what Churchill called the "joint inheritance of the English speaking world." So let me thank President Bush for being a true friend of Britain and for the importance he attaches to enhancing our transatlantic partnership, from the work we do in Afghanistan and Iraq to every part of the world. And let me thank him for the steadfastness and the resolution that he has shown in rooting out terrorism in all parts of the world; in working for a Middle East peace settlement; in bringing hope to Africa; in working for a free trade world, where in spite of todays difficulties with oil and food prices, there is and should be a wider and deeper prosperity in the future for all.Now in our substantive and wide-ranging talks last night and this morning, the President and I have discussed a number of central issues. We have discussed Irans nuclear ambitions. We have discussed Iraq and Afghanistan, where our forces are working side by side. We have discussed the criminal cabal that now threatens to make a mockery of free and fair elections in Zimbabwe. We have discussed what we can do about democracy in Burma.We have resolved, first of all, as we did some years ago, that it is in the British national interest to confront the Taliban in Afghanistan or Afghanistan would come to us. And so today Britain will announce additional troops for Afghanistan, bringing our numbers in Afghanistan to the highest level. And let me thank our troops, and the troops of America and 42 other countries who are in Afghanistan, as I thank our forces in Iraq for their courage and for their professionalism. And let me acknowledge the bravery of the five members of the 2nd paratroop regiment, British men who have in the last few days sacrificed their lives for freedom. Eighteen months ago, the Taliban boasted that they and their paid foreign fighters would drive our forces out of southern Helmand. Now most agree that security is on the way to being transformed. Last week in Paris a total of 80 countries pledged billions, with nearly a billion from the ed Kingdom to support the Afghan National Development Strategy.Our aim is to generate progress, where the fourth poorest country in the world, laid low by decades of conflict, can as a democracy enjoy peaceful social and economic development, with our forces, over time, moving from a direct combat role to train and support Afghanistans own army and police. In Iraq, there is still work to be done, and Britain is playing and will continue to play its part. Where we have over 4,000 troops in Basra, we will continue the shared policy of Iraqis taking more control over their own affairs, moving from combat to overwatching Basra. Our policy is showing success as we continue the task we have set ourselves: strong and well-trained Iraqi forces capable of securing the peace, firm commitments to new local government elections soon, and speeding up the social and economic development of Iraq so that people have a stake in the future.Our message today to the Iranian people is that you do not have to choose the path of confrontation. The latest rounds of talks with the Iranians took place over the weekend. Once again, we put our enhanced offer on the table, including political and economic partnership, and help with nuclear technology for civilian use. We await the Iranian response and well do everything possible to maintain the dialogue. But we are also clear that if Iran continues to ignore united resolutions, to ignore our offers of partnership, we have no choice but to intensify sanctions. And so today Britain will urge Europe and Europe will agree to take further sanctions against Iran.First of all, we will take action today that will freeze the overseas assets of the biggest bank in Iran, the bank Melli.And second, action will start today for a new phase of sanctions on oil and gas. And I will repeat that we will take any necessary actions so that Iran is aware of the choice it has to make: to start to play its part as a full and respected member of the international community or face further isolation.We discussed the deteriorating situation in Zimbabwe. In recent weeks, under Robert Mugabes increasingly desperate and criminal regime, Zimbabwe has seen 53 killings, 2,000 beatings, the displacement of 30,000 people, the arrest and detention of opposition leaders, including Morgan Tsvangirai, and this is wholly unacceptable. Mugabe must not be allowed to steal the election that is now less than two weeks away. And that is why we call for Zimbabwe to accept a ed Nations human rights envoy to visit Zimbabwe now, and to accept the international monitors from all parts of the world who are available to ensure that this is a free and fair election.We agreed that at the G8 in Japan, the ed Kingdom and the U.S.A. would propose a plan to recruit and train health workers for the poorest countries. To save the lives of mothers who needlessly die in childbirth, we are developing proposals to tackle the diseases that bring needless death and suffering, including malaria, AIDS, and neglected tropical diseases. And we agreed also to work together to ensure G8 commitment to scale up funding on education and get the remaining 72 million children who do not go to school today into school.The world oil prices trebled in recent months. In the right of this, I welcome Saudi Arabias initiative to host a producer-consumer summit in Jeddah on the 22nd of June. And we will all work together to ensure an enhanced dialogue between oil producers and consumers.And the President and I also agreed that over the next few weeks we need to press hard to achieve a world trade deal. Both of us are ensured that this could unlock new opportunities for the world economy. It would also help reduce high global food prices.Finally, we go from here to Northern Ireland. The ed States has played an essential role in securing peace in Northern Ireland and helping the people of Northern Ireland move away from conflict to potentially a new prosperity. And I want to thank President Bush for his personal efforts to speed up the Northern Ireland peace process, and to make sure that there is investment in Northern Ireland, not just from the rest of the ed Kingdom, but from America.And I thank him for his work to ensure that the recent investment conference in Northern Ireland was a huge success, and there will be further announcements of jobs in Northern Ireland today. America has played a huge role in this peace process, and President Bush is to be thanked by all the people of the ed Kingdom for what he has done.So, Mr. President, I thank you again for your friendship, for your leadership, for your commitment to us continuing to work together to solve the challenges facing the world. Im pleased youre here. I value the gains weve made together, and I look forward to our continued friendship.PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister. And I thank you very much for your friendship, thank you for your hospitality. This is -- this has been a good trip. By the way, some are speculating this is my last trip. Let them speculate. Who knows? (Laughter.) But its been a -- we had a great dinner last night. I want to thank you and Sarah. And thanks for calling together the historians. Its a -- you know, Great Britain has produced great historians. And I am -- I love ing a lot of their works, and it was so kind of you to have them over. And the food was good, too. (Laughter.)And also we had a great visit yesterday. Laura and I went to see Her Majesty, the Queen. I thank her for her hospitality. And then yesterday at the embassy, thanks to our Ambassador, I had the opportunity to speak to some of your soldiers. And I was -- listened to their stories of courage and bravery and sacrifice, and it was so -- really touching. And I really appreciate the British people supporting the people who wear the uniform. And I am looking forward to going to Northern Ireland this evening. Youve taken the lead. Were just pleased to help. And hopefully this visit will help keep the process moving.First thing about Gordon Brown, hes tough on terror, and I appreciate it -- and so should the people of Great Britain and the world. He fully understands that while some want to say that the terrorist threat is gone or theres nothing to worry about, it is something to worry about. And he was -- you were tested early in your Prime Ministership. You dealt with the challenge. And I appreciate your continued focus and your understanding that weve got to work together to protect our people, and your understanding that freedom is transformative, and the ultimate way to succeed against these extremists who use murder as a way to achieve their political objectives is to marginalize them through the advance of liberty.And thats what were doing in places like Afghanistan and Iraq. And it is tough work. Its hard to take a society that had been ravished [sic] by brutality and convince people to take the risk necessary to work for civil society and freedom for women and to educate their children. But I believe its necessary work, for the sake of peace and for our security. And I believe its in the moral interests of comfortable nations to help others realize the blessings of liberty. Oh, for some that sounds like hopeless idealism; for those of us involved with making public policy necessary to protect our people, it is the only realistic way to guarantee the peace for our people.And so youve been strong on Afghanistan and Iraq, and I appreciate it. But more importantly, the people of Afghanistan and Iraq appreciate it. The march to democracy is never smooth. Weve had our own history. America is viewed as a great democracy; just remember, many of our citizens were enslaved for a long period of time before we finally got it right.But its in our interests to help these folks. Its in our interests little girls go to school in Afghanistan. Its in our interests that there be free elections in Iraq. And its in our interests that we help these governments survive. And its taken sacrifice from our people, I understand that. The fundamental question of history is going to look back on it, is did we understand the duty that weve been called to do, to protect ourselves and hope others? And this Prime Minister has understood the duty.No, I know theres a lot of discussion here in the British press about, well, you know, is there going to be enough troops, or not enough troops, and all that business; is he trying to distance this, that and the other -- its just typical. But I just want to remind you that he has left more troops in Iraq than initially anticipated. And like me, well be making our decisions based upon the conditions on the ground, the recommendation of our commanders, without an artificial timetable set by politics.I thank you for your troop announcement today in Afghanistan, as well. Then you issued a strong statement on Iran. It was a clear statement, and it was a strong statement, and it was a necessary statement, because the free world has an obligation to work together in concert to prevent the Iranians from having the know-how to develop a nuclear weapon. And now is the time to work together to get it done, and I appreciate your statement. Hopefully the Iranian leadership will take a different position then the one theyve taken in the past, which is basically, who cares what the free world says, were going to -- well go our own way. And now has faced -- they face serious isolation, and the people who are suffering are the Iranian people. We have no qualms with the Iranian people. As a matter of fact, we want the Iranian people to thrive. Its in our interests that there be a hopeful society. Its their government who has denied them their rightful place in the world.And so I want to thank you very much for working hard to, you know, to help keep this coalition together to provide pressure necessary so we can solve the problem diplomatically. Thats my first choice. Iranians must understand all options are on the table, however.Thank you for your strong words on Zimbabwe. And I -- you know, you obviously are emotional on the subject and I dont blame you, because the people of Zimbabwe have suffered under Mugabe leadership, and we will work with you to ensure these good folks have free and fair elections to the extent -- best extent possible, which obviously Mr. Mugabe does not want to have.We talked about Darfur. We talked about Burma. I strongly support your health care worker initiative. Im looking forward to going to the G8 to articulate that. And we expect the people of the G8 -- the leaders of the G8 countries to fulfill their obligations, because last year we met and we had a -- we discussed a lot of issues, including HIV/AIDS and malaria on the continent of Africa, and they all came forth and said, well match the ed States -- except most nations havent matched the ed States to date except for Great Britain, and they havent done their part in matching the ed States.And so my message at the G8 is: Looking forward to working with you; thanks for coming to the meeting -- just remember, there are people needlessly dying on the continent of Africa today, and we expect you to be more than pledge-makers. We expect you to be check-writers for humanitarian reasons.We did talk about energy and Doha. Im concerned about Doha. Im concerned that while were making some progress on the agricultural side, that nations such as Brazil and India and China are not making corresponding openings on manufacturing and service -- and the service sector on their part. And in order to have a successful round, which I believe is essential -- and so does Gordon -- to fight off protectionism and help poor nations develop, that now is the time to get a Doha Round completed. And in order to do so, there has to be more movement on the manufacturing and service sector so there can be a fair and equitable deal.Finally, we talked about global climate change and briefed Gordon on our strategy for the major economies meeting to hopefully reach an international goal for 2050 that will have intermediate strategies that are binding on each nation within the U.N. framework. And the reason why I believe this is the right approach to take, that unless China and India are a part of a binding international agreement -- and the ed States -- then we will not have effective policy in dealing with climate change. It might make us all feel good, but the results wont be satisfactory. And so hopefully in Seoul, South Korea coming up there will be a major economy meeting agreement on a long-term goal with binding commitments.Mr. Prime Minister, all in all, its been a great meeting. Thank you for the conversation and thank you for your friendship.PRIME MINISTER BROWN: Thank you.Q Nick Robinson, B News.PRESIDENT BUSH: Who? (Inaudible.) (Laughter.)Q Good to have you here.PRESIDENT BUSH: Missed the hat. (Laughter.)Q Prime Minister, isnt it time to withdraw British troops from Iraq in order to send them where the military really needs them, to Afghanistan, or are you too worried about his reaction if you do?PRESIDENT BUSH: We miss you, Nick, we miss you, buddy.Q Are you prepared to see British troop withdrawn from Iraq while youre still in office, or are you concerned about the symbolic significance of that?200806/42185

第七届全国英语演讲比赛 张洁璇 美国经典英文演讲100篇总统演讲布莱尔首相演讲美国总统布什演讲快报200810/51658

Fellow Citizens: I appear before you this day to take the solemn oath;that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the ed States, and will to the best of my ability preserve,protect, and defend the Constitution of the ed States.;同胞们:我今天在你们面前庄严宣誓:“我将忠诚地执行美国总统的职务,并将尽我所能来维持,捍卫和守护美国的宪法。”In entering upon this great office I must humbly invoke the God of our fathers for wisdom, and firmness to execute its high and responsible duties in such a manner as to restore harmony, and ancient friendship among the people of the several States and to preserve our free institution throughout many generations.在担任这一伟大职务时我谦恭地祈求我们先驱上帝给予我智慧,持以助我执行这高尚的责任,在各州的人民中重建和谐,和古老的友谊并千秋万代维护我们的自由组织。Convinced that I owe my election to the inherent love for the Constitution and the Union which still animates the hearts of the American people, let me earnestly ask their powerful support in sustaining all just measures calculated to perpetuate these,the richest political blessings which Heaven has ever bestowed upon any nation.深信我的当选应归功于热爱宪法和仍扣动美国人民心弦的联邦。让我诚恳地请求他们强有力的持来维护所有正当的旨在使上天给予我们祖国的丰富政治祝福得以永远的措施。Having determined not to become a candidate for reelection, I shall have no motive to influence my conduct in administering the Government except the desire ably, and faithfully to serve my country and to live in grateful memory of my countrymen.我已决定不再竞选连任,我在除了要有效和无任何能影响我执行的动机。忠心地务我的祖国并在同胞中留下美好记忆。The whole Territorial question being thus settled upon the principle of popular sovereignty, a principle as ancient as free government itself everything of a practical nature has been decided.整个领土问题在公众主权的原则下得以解决——一个和政府一样古老的原则——任何实际意义的事件都被解决了。No other question remains for adjustment,because all agree that under the Constitution slavery in the States in beyond the reach of any human power, except that of the respective States themselves where in it exists.没有其它问题等待修正,因为人们都认同在宪法下各州的奴隶制问题非任何人民力量所可及,除非由各州自身解决。May we not,then,hope that the long agitation on this subject is approaching its end, and that the geographical parties to which it has given birth, so much ded by the Father of his Country,will speedily become extinct?于是我们不可希望这长期骚动的问题正在终结,地理上的分裂会很快消除。也不可希望由它所造成的,会使我们的先父很痛恨的。Most happy will it be for the country when the public mind shall be diverted from this question to other of more pressing and practical importance.最可幸的是公众意识会从这一问题转向其它更紧要更现实的问题上。Throughout the whole progress of this agitation, which has scarcely know any intermission for more than twenty years.在整个过程中,这场二十多年内罕有间断的骚动的,whilst it has been productive of no positive good to any human being it has been the prolific source of great evils to the master, to the slave,and to the whole country.它对任何人没有产生任何善果,它却成了对主人、奴仆和整个国家造成万恶的源泉。It has alienated and estranged the people of the sister States from each other, and has even seriously endangered the very existence of the Union.它把兄弟州相互分离隔开,甚至严重危及联邦的生存。Nor has the danger yet entirely ceased.这危险至今尚未完全停止。Under our system there is a remedy for all mere political evils in the sound sense and sober judgment of the people.在我们的体制下,人民的坚实理智和清醒判断会造成对所有政治邪恶的拯救。Time is a great corrective.时间是最好的纠正。Political subjects which but a few years ago excited and exasperated the public mind have passed away and are now nearly forgotten.几年前还激动并恼怒公众意识的政治问题已经逝去,并被忘记。But this question of domestic slavery is of far graver importance than any mere political question, because should the agitation continue it may eventually endanger the personal safety of a large portion of our countrymen where the institution exists.但这一国内奴隶制的问题比一个仅仅政治上的问题更为重要。因为如果这场骚动继续下去,它可能会最终危及此体制所存在之处的我们同胞中一大部分的人身安全。In that event no form of government,however admirable in itself and however productive of material benefits, can compensate for the loss of peace and domestic security around the family altar.如果那样,不管是如何值得赞赏,如何生产出巨大物质财富的政府形式都,无法补偿和平和家庭安全的丧失。02/86640


文章编辑: 人民学术