石河子大学医学院第二附属医院过敏性鼻炎治疗的价格69大全
时间:2017年12月14日 02:35:38

One of the hottest products is Tabeo. This is a Toys RUs designed kids tablet.圣诞节购物最热闹商品之一便是Tabeo儿童平板电脑, 是玩具反斗城公司专为小孩子们设计的一种玩具。Even the kids want a tablet?小孩子也需要平板电脑?Even the kids want it. Its android tablet, wifi, the great the thing most kids use it for is playing apps like angry birds or cut the rope. And parents love it because then they dont have to give their kids an iPad and they can play with this or dolls Monster High. Its one of the hottest lines. Lego is doing fantastic. Across the board, its gotta be the hottest toy brand in the world right now.连小孩子们也想要呢!他们也想要安卓无线上网电脑,他们主要用这个好东西来玩“愤怒的小鸟”或“割绳子”之类的游戏应用软件。孩子们的父母也喜爱这个东西,因为他们不必给孩子们苹果平板电脑,而孩子们可以自己也可以玩Tabeo或玩“怪兽高校”玩具娃娃。它是一款最热款玩具。乐高积木Lego太了不起了,现在是全世界最热销的玩具品牌。These are not inexpensive toys, even that theyre sturdier.这些玩具不贵,而且更坚固。If compared by something like this, does that cut down on what else theyre able to buy?如果与同类商品相比较,这一款的价格比人们可能买的其他款都低吗?Toys RUs is a holiday store. Its a Christmas store. So we are the place that parents typically come or grandparents choose to buy that big gift.RUs玩具是一家假日商店,更是一家圣诞节商店。通常,父母或祖父母假日会选择来我们这里购买“大礼”。You mentioned discounting. Is that gonna be really important for this Christmas season?你提到了打折。这对圣诞购物季确实非常重要吗?I do believe this year the consumer wants a great deal. And we are going to give it to them. On Black Friday, we have over 200 doll busters. Thats up from 150 last year. Our ad is 4 pages longer, full of more and more and more great deals on products. And we are gonna keep ading all day, all weekend, all season. More and more and more great deals. This year we also introduced price match. You know. Because we know consumers care a lot about price. And so, if by any miracle you should find something less expensive while our competitors will match that price too.我确信今年的顾客会大量采购,并且已经为他们备足了货物。我们在黑色周五销售了200多套大玩具,比去年增加了150套。我们的产品目录增加了4页,产品琳琅满目、大量备货。目前我们还准备在周末及圣诞期间全天增加备货。将售出大量商品。今年我们还引入了价格匹配方案。大家知道,顾客们非常在意价格。通过价格比较,消费者如果能够找到同类商品价格更低的商家,我们将为消费者补上差价。How much of the mix is between brick-and-mortar and online now?目前现场销售和网上销售的比例如何?Well its about 90% in the stores and 10% online. But I have to tell you that I believe in the future, well see that 100% of our sales will be internet affected. By that I mean the customer does not distinguish any more between their digital world and their physical world. They relate to a great brand like Toys RUs. They wanna do business with Toys RUs. So they might start on their cellphone, for example, to see we have a product, then go to the store and pick that up.商店销售大约占90% ,而网上大约占10%。但是必须承认,我相信将来,我们的销售将百分之百的受到网络的影响。我的意思是说,顾客们将无法区分数字世界和现实世界。顾客的世界将和有RUs玩具等大品牌有关,他们想在RUs玩具购买东西。因此,例如他们可能首先通过手机看看我们是否有某款商品,然后去商店购买。Where is the consumer in terms of their ability to spend? Is it gonna be a better spending season?顾客的购买力水平如何?今年是更好的圣诞购物季吗? We know the economy is a little tough but we are still very optimistic. Weve seen that in good times and bad. The last thing parents got back on is that Christmas present for their child and even in debts or a recession. In 2008 or , we still saw growth in our sales of Toys RUs. So we expect that, when Christmas comes, they are gonna wanna buy that great Christmas present for their child.大家知道,目前经济形势有些严峻,但我们仍然保持乐观。我们发现,无论经济情况如何,父母们都会为孩子在圣诞准备礼物,哪怕处在债务累累或不断下滑的经济状况中。例如,在2008年及年,RUs的销售均有所增长。因此我们期待,今年圣诞节来临时,他们一定会为孩子买圣诞大礼物! 201212/212986

Business Biotech patents Taking it personally商业 生物技术专利 对人下药A legal fight over a new generation of medicine新一代药品的法律纠纷DRUG research is in dark times, as pipelines dry up and development budgets are cut.但有一束光带来了一线希望。But one shaft of light pierces the gloom.随着新药品种开发减少,药品的研发资金缩减,药品研究正处于黑暗时期。;Personalised medicine; promises to craft drugs for individuals.;个性化药品;承诺为个人定制药品。Genetic tests will identify those who will benefit from specific medicines.基因测试将识别出那些从特制药品中获益的人。Treatment will be more effective; waste will drop.从而加强治疗效果;降低浪费水平。Personalised medicine has sparked excitement among drugmakers, doctors, hospitals and patients.个性化药品让制药商、医生和病人均欣喜若狂。It has also sparked a legal brawl.这也引发了法律纠纷。On December 7th Americas Supreme Court heard arguments in Mayo v Prometheus.2011年12月7日美国高等法院听取了梅奥V普罗米修斯的辩论。The suit, despite a name that suggests an ancient liver sandwich, may be crucial for biotechnology firms.这一诉讼虽然以暗示古代肝三明治的名义进行,但是对于生物公司来说至关重要。America is the worlds hub for drug research.美国是全球药品研究中心。By definition, personalised medicine includes the study of genetic mutations and other personal characteristics.按定义,定制药品包括对于基因突变的研究和其他个性化特征。However, American law bars patents of nature and abstract ideas.但是美国的法律禁止给自然和抽象的概念颁发专利。The question is which discoveries in personalised medicine may be patented.问题在于个性化药品的哪一种发现可能授予专利。Prometheus is part of a series of suits over biotech patents.普罗米修斯公司是陷入一系列生物技术专利权之争的公司之一。Courts have been active because Congress has not.因国会无动于衷,法庭便积极地应对。A recent patent reform provided little clarity.最近的专利改革提供模棱两可的解释。Congress merely ordered a study of genetic testing.国会仅是指示对基因测试进行研究。Judges have been bolder: in July a federal court ruled that genes could be patented.法官们是更加的大胆:7月份联邦法庭裁决基因可获得专利。On December 7th the suits losers appealed to the Supreme Court.12月7日该案件的败诉方上诉至最高法院。But Prometheus may have greater practical import, says Hans Sauer of the Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO), a trade group.生物科技产业组织(BIO)的汉斯.萨奥尔说,但普罗米修斯案可能实际起的作用更大。Firms are studying genetic correlations that might predict a drugs efficacy or determine the cause of a disease.研究遗传相关的公司可能预计到药品的功效或决定疾病的缘由。Prometheus may determine whether methods using such correlations may be patented.普罗米修斯案可能裁定使用这种相关方法是否能授予专利。The fight has attracted the heavyweights of health care.这场官司吸引了卫生保健业重量级人物的眼球。On one side is Prometheus Laboratories, a Californian company that has patented a way to optimise certain drug treatments for individuals.一方是因优化某种个性化药物治疗的方法获得专利的加州普罗米修斯公司,On the other is the Mayo Clinic, a health and research centre.另一方是健康研究中心,梅奥诊所。Prometheuss supporters include BIO and several tech firms.普罗米修斯公司的持者包括BIO和几个高科技公司。Roche and Abbott, two big drugmakers, gave warning against invalidating patents on diagnostic tests.两大医药巨头罗氏制药和雅培公司对诊断试验专利无效提出了警告。Mayos allies include the American Medical Association.梅奥的联盟包括美国医学协会。The patents in question do not concern genetic tests, though the suits outcome will affect them.对于专利权的争议与基因测试无关,尽管这一案件的审理结果会影响到基因测试。They concern tests for the effectiveness of thiopurines, drugs that have long been used to treat gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohns disease.他们关心的是巯基嘌呤是否适当的测试。巯基嘌呤是一直用来治疗胃肠道功能失调如克罗恩病的药物。Their effect depends on how they are metabolised.该药物的是否有效取决于其是如何新陈代谢的。Neither thiopurines nor tests for metabolites (substances produced by metabolism) were new when Prometheuss patents were filed in 1998.在普罗米修斯公司申请专利时不管是巯基嘌呤还是代谢物(由新陈代谢引起的物质)的测试都不是什么新鲜事物。But the patents cover the process for determining whether a given dose produces concentrations of metabolites within a recommended range.但是这一专利包括决定是否给定的药物剂量在推荐范围内能产生大量的代谢物过程。The dose of thiopurines could be adjusted accordingly.巯基嘌呤的剂量可以随之调整过来。Prometheus sells a test based on its patents to hospitals and clinics.普罗米修斯公司因测试方法申请了专利权而将其卖给医院和诊所。In 2004 Mayo developed a competing test, with different recommended levels of metabolites.2004年梅奥研制出了有竞争力的测试,对代谢物使用不同的推荐指数。Prometheus sued.普罗米修斯公司以此状告梅奥诊所。Mayos lawyers say Prometheus has patented a mere observation of the bodys natural workings.梅奥的律师说普罗米修斯公司申请的仅仅是观察人体自然运行的专利。Let the claim stand, Mayo argues, and firms will win broad patents over basic biological relationships, stifling innovation.梅奥辩道,若让普罗米修斯公司胜诉,公司将超越基本的生物基础而获得广泛意义的专利权从而阻碍创新。Prometheus and its allies warn of an alternative apocalypse.普罗米修斯公司和其联盟则警告这是另一场大灾难。A judgment in Mayos favour, they contend, will undermine existing patents and shrivel investment in personalised medicine.偏向于梅奥的持方争辩道这将破坏现有的专利及导致对个性化药品的投资减少。The Supreme Court may not make such a broad judgment.最高法院可能不会做出广泛的评判。It may instead hand down a narrower ruling that leaves many questions unanswered.相反,最高法院有可能将采用较小范围的裁定使得许多问题悬而未决。A natural phenomenon may not be patented, but which applications of that phenomenon might be?自由现象有可能不会授予专利,但是自然现象的哪种应用属于专利范围呢?When studying genetic correlations, which so-called discoveries are truly novel?在研究遗传相关的命题时,哪一种所谓的发现是真的新鲜出炉?Eventually personalised medicine may transform patients care and firms business models.最终个性化药品可能转变病人的护理和企业的经营模式。In the near future, the greatest beneficiaries may be patent lawyers.在不久的将来,最大的的受益者将是打专利权官司的律师。 /201211/211584

Music and Verbal Memory音乐和非文字记忆Even if you havent touched a piano in years, if you suffered through music lessons as a kid you may have benefited from those lessons in ways you wouldnt expect. When you train on a musical instrument your brain is stimulated and changes and develops as a result. Because the parts of the brain are interconnected this stimulation doesnt affect musical ability only.即使你已经很久没有弹钢琴,但只要你小时候学过钢琴,你就能在各个意想不到的方面受益于这些钢琴课。当你在训练一种乐器时,大脑受到刺激而变化生长。由于大脑的各个部分是相互连接的,这种刺激不会只影响到音乐能力。Psychologists have discovered that the stimulation musical training enacts on the left temporal region of your brain enhances verbal memory. People with musical training are significantly better at recalling words from a list and learning new words. Whats more, the longer the duration of musical training, the better the verbal memory.心理学家还发现,这种音乐刺激训练担当大脑的左颞区可以提高非文字记忆。接受过音乐训练的人能够更容易记住单词,学习新的单词也更容易。更重要的是,音乐训练的时间越久,非文字记忆能力越强。So while children who study music for two years demonstrate better verbal memory than children who have not studied music, children who continue to study music continue to improve their verbal memory.因此,学过两年音乐的孩子,他们的非文字记忆比没学过音乐的孩子要强得多,而继续学习音乐孩子的记忆会随之提高。The good news for those of us who trained on musical instruments but quit at some point is that we dont seem to lose the verbal benefits we gain from this training.有个好消息,对于那些学过乐器后来又放弃的同学,你们并不会失去这种训练的好处。Scientists are particularly interested in what this suggests about the interconnectedness of the brain and thus the predictability of the effects of stimulation to a brain area on cognitive functions located in that area. Further research may lead to developments in cognitive rehabilitation for people with brain injuries. For example, in order to rebuild verbal memory in patients with injury to that part of the brain, doctors may prescribe music lessons.科学家们对大脑的这种相互连接特别感兴趣,从而预测音乐刺激对大脑认知能力的影响就在这个区域。进一步的研究可能导向对脑损伤病人在认知康复的发展。例如,为了重建病人大脑受损的非文字记忆部分,医生也许会开设音乐课。 /201301/220750


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