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2018年02月20日 11:22:00 | 作者:百家中文 | 来源:新华社
Motor neuron disease.What, what it is? What happens?运动神经元病 那是什么病 会怎么样Motor neurons in the brain, which signal movement,运动神经元是大脑中发出运动信号的神经元theyre dying.So?The brain stops telling muscles to move,the signals not sent,他们在死亡 那会怎么样 大脑不再向肌肉发出运动的指令 信号发不出去the muscles are not used, so they waste away, slowly.肌肉得不到运动 就慢慢萎缩了How slowly?The muscles wastage causes immobility.有多慢 肌肉的损耗又导致它无法移动How slowly?Its gradual paralysis.And then? Then what?要多久 这是慢性瘫痪 那之后呢 会怎么样The respiratory muscles unlike most of the other muscles呼吸肌与其他肌肉不同work automatically.Breathing. - Yes.是不受大脑控制的 你是指呼吸 -对They dont waste away so quickly.所以呼吸肌会萎缩得更慢But, but they do, they do, waste away.但也会萎缩 渐渐萎缩掉Yes.So what? I wont be able to breath properly,是的 那就是说 我不能正常呼吸了And then I wont be able to breath at all.然后就完全不能呼吸了So its like, like drowning What about the brain? The brain itself?就像 就像溺水 那大脑呢 大脑本身呢Untouched.Brain is left untouched.安然无恙 大脑会安然无恙201512/413766栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghais English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。201504/371055

Why Do Americans and Canadians Celebrate Labor Day?劳动节怎么来?Hows this for a strange idea: a day off from work in honor of work itself? Actually, that is what Labor Day (celebrated in the ed States and Canada on the first Monday of every September) is all about.这样一个怪点子如何:从工作中放一天假来纪念工作本身?事实上,那就是劳动节(在美国和加拿大是每年九月的第一个星期一庆祝) 那就是劳动节的意义。The first American Labor Day was celebrated in New York City on September 5, 1882, as thousands of workers and their families came to Union Square for a day in the park. It was not a national holiday, but had been organized by a union to honor workers and their hard efforts with a rare day of rest—halfway between July 4 and Thanksgiving. There were picnics and a parade, but there were also protests. The workers had gathered not just to rest and celebrate, but to demand fair wages, the end of child labor, and the right to organize into unions.第一个美国劳动节是于 1882 年 9 月 5 日在纽约市庆祝,数千民劳工和他们的家人到联合广场在公园度过一天。那并不是个国定假日,但由工会安排来用一天难得的休假感念工人以及他们的辛劳--在 7 月 4 日和感恩节之间举行。有野餐和游行,但也有抗议活动。工人们不只聚集来休憩和庆祝,也聚集来要求合理工资、童工的终结,以及组织工会的权利。During the period known as the Industrial Revolution, many jobs were difficult, dirty, and dangerous. People worked for 12 hours, six days a week, without fringe benefits such as vacations, healthcare, and pensions. And if you were young, chances are you were doing manual labor instead of your As and fractions. Children as young as 10 worked in some of the most hazardous places, like coal mines, or factories filled with boiling vats or dangerous machines.在被称为“工业革命”的时期,许多工作都是艰辛、肮脏且危险的。人们一周工作六天,一天工作十二小时,没有任何额外福利,例如休假、健保,以及退休金。如果你年纪小,可能你那时是在做苦工而不是在上 A 跟算数学分数。十岁那样年纪的孩子在一些最危险的场所内工作,像是矿坑,或是充满滚烫大缸或危险机器的工厂。Trying to win better pay, shorter hours, and safer conditions, workers had begun to form labor unions in America and Canada. But the companies they worked for often fought hard to keep unions out and to suppress strikes. At times, this led to violent battles between workers and business owners, with the owners often backed up by the police, or even the military.试着争取更好的工资、更短的工时,以及更安全的工作环境,工人们开始在美国和加拿大内组织工会。但他们效力的公司常激烈抵抗,以将工会屏除在外以及压制罢工。时不时地,这引起工人和老板间火爆的冲突,老板们往往有警方或甚至军方撑腰。In the following years, the idea of Labor Day caught on in America, with official celebrations reaching 30 states. But then came the violent Haymarket Square Riot of 1886, which led to the deaths of several policemen and workers in Chicago and the execution of four union leaders. After that, many labor and political groups around the world had begun to mark Haymarket Square on May 1, which became known as International Workers Day.接下来几年内,劳动节的理念在美国盛行,正式庆祝活动延伸到三十个州。 但接着发生了 1886 年激烈的干草市场广场暴动,那导致芝加哥数名警员和工人的死亡,以及四位工会领袖的处决。在那之后,全世界许多劳工和政治团体开始在五月一日标上干草市场广场,那天后来变成以国际劳动节著称。In 1894, President Grover Cleverland signed the law, making Labor Day a federal holiday in America, only days after he had sent 12,000 soldiers to end a violent railroad strike that resulted in the death of several people. The original September date was kept, partly to avoid the more radical associations of May 1.1894 年,格罗弗·克里夫兰总统签署法条,使劳动节在美国成为一个联邦法定假日,仅仅在他派出一万两千名士兵去结束一场造成数人身亡的铁路罢工后。原先九月的劳动节日期被保留着,部分是为了避免关于五月一号那较激进的联想。Canada also created its Labor Day in 1894. But in spite of this new holiday, it would be a long time before the changes that workers wanted became a reality.加拿大也在 1894 年设立了自己的劳动节。但尽管有这新的节日,在工人们想要的改变成真之前,仍距离一段很长的时间。In 1938, during the Great Depression that left millions without jobs, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a law, calling for an eight-hour workday, a five-day workweek, and an end to child labor—some of the first federal protections for American workers.1938 年,在使数百万人失业的经济大萧条期间,富兰克林·D·罗斯福总统签下一个法案,要求八小时的工作天、五天的工作周,以及童工的终结--一些对美国劳工最早期的联邦保护法案。As America and Canada celebrate Labor Day, most of the two countries children enjoy a day off from school. But it is important to remember that there was a time that every day was a labor day for children in America and Canada. And unfortunately, the same fact remains true for millions of children around the world today.在美国和加拿大庆祝劳动节时,这两国的孩子们大多都在享受一天不用上学的假日。但很重要的是要记得,曾有段时光美国和加拿大的孩子天天都是劳动日。而不幸地是,相同状况在今日全球数百万名孩童身上仍是真实的。201507/385269

Once you come to terms with the idea that the atmosphere is a fluid,一旦你接受了大气是液体的观点you realise it has some extraordinary consequences.你会意识到有一些特殊的推论One of them is that Earths atmosphere其中之一是地球的大气层is capable of shaping the surface of the planet能够塑造我们的星球表面的形状even cutting through solid rock.甚至可以切割坚硬的岩石Im on my way to a very special place,我正在去一个很特殊的地方a place where you can really see how powerful the atmosphere can be.一个你可以真正地看到大气层有多么地强大的地方Only a few people every day are granted the honour每天只有极少数人很荣幸of walking the three mile path to get there.能走三英里的路到达那里But theres a good reason for that.但是有一个很好的理由让我们去那This rock formation in Arizona亚利桑那州的岩石构造is one of the most precious geological sites on the planet.是星球上最珍贵的地质考察点之一Wow! Look at this.哇!看看It is so beautiful.好漂亮啊Its Like being inside a giant sculpture,好像是在巨大的雕塑里一样a geological piece of art.地质艺术These rocks in Arizona are known as The Wave. And its easy to see why.这些岩石被称作是波浪,你可以看到为什么这样叫These giant curvaceous shapes look as if theyve been carved out by water.巨大的曲线形状看起来像是被水雕刻过Instead theyve been sculpted by a different fluid motion,然而他们是由一种不同的流体运动the wind.--风塑造的201509/398373

栏目简介:《造物小百科How it’s made》介绍了许多东西的制作或者说发明方法,非常实用。其中的英语视频发音地道,内容浅显易懂,过程形象生动,是提高英语听力水平,积累英语知识和一些简单生活常识的好素材。201509/392051


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